Hygyrchedd

Font Size cy

100% 150% 200%

background colour cy

cy Cyferbynnedd
Cau Ailosod

KYANITE

Manylion y Safle

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 274839

Cyfeirnod Map SM97SW

Cyfeirnod Grid SM9450072149

Awdurdod Lleol Arforol

Hen Sir Arforol

Cymuned Maritime

Math o Safle LLONGDDRYLLIAD

Dosbarth Cyffredinol ARFOROL

Cyfnod Modern

Disgrifiad o´r Safle Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may possibly be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
The KYANITE was a steel-hulled steamship built by J Shearer & Sons, Glasgow, in 1904. Technical and configuration specifications are given as 564gt 224nt; 178ft 2in length x 28ft in breadth x10ft 6in depth; 1 deck, 3 bulkheads, quarterdeck 87ft, boat deck 11ft, forecastle 33fts; machinery aft; screw propulsion powered by a single steam boiler linked to a triple expansion engine producing 99hp; machinery by Muir & Houston Ltd., Glasgow. At time of loss, the vessel was owned by William Robertson & Co Ltd. The shipping company was founded in 1852 by William Robertson (1832-1919). The names of the Gem Line ships were derived from minerals, precious and semiprecious stones. The company concentrated on coastal tramp ships and trading commodities such as coal and limestone among the ports of Great Britain, Ireland, France, the Netherlands and the Baltic. The KYANITE was transporting a cargo of alkali from Fleetwood to Bristol on 15 February 1917 under the command of master A Johnstone, when it was captured by UC-65. The crew were forced to abandon ship, after which the KYANITE was scuttled by explosive charges 28 miles south southwest of Bardsey Island. Various newspapers later reported that the crew had landed safely. The KYANITE was one of 10 vessels sunk or damaged by UC-65 between 10-15 February 1917, whilst the submarine was under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Steinbrinck.

Sources include:
Gater, D, 1992, Historic Shipwrecks of Wales, pg130
HMSO, 1988, British Vessels Lost at Sea 1914-8 and 1939-45, pg33
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping, 1 July 1915 - 30 June 1916, number 998 in K
Lloyd's War Losses: First World War: Casualties to Shipping Through Enemy Causes 1914-18, pg94
Manchester Evening News, 16 February 1917, pg3
Northern Whig, Monday 19 February 1917, pg8
The Scotsman, 19 February 1917, pg5

WWW resources:
https://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?12229
https://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/3401.html

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, March 2019.