STOOP HILL ROMAN VILLA OR ENCLOSURE, CALDICOT
Map Reference ST48NE
Grid Reference ST4832687360
Unitary (Local) Authority Monmouthshire
Old County Monmouthshire
Type of Site DEFENDED ENCLOSURE, VILLA
Broad Class DOMESTIC
Period Roman, Prehistoric
Site Description The Stoop Hill Cropmark Enclosure is a complex cropmark site set upon a low rise overlooking the Cadicot Levels (and now the M4), known also from limited geophysical survey. The form of the cropmark features has suggested a Roman origin and Roman material has been recovered from the vicinity. It has been suggested that this is a villa site.
The complex centres on a near rectangular ditched enclosure defined by a broad ditch roughly 45m north-east to south-west by 40m. A similar ditch defines an outer enclosure some 25m deep on the north-east and north-west sides, with at least two slighter ditches between the two circuits. The outer circuit is continued by a narrower ditch on the south-west where the outer enclosure is some 40m deep. A second slight ditch runs some 5.0m outside the outer circuit and there is a similarly defined D-plan 'annex' with a radius of about 15m, on the north-east side.
There is no trace of any substantial buildings and it is possible that the complex is a later Prehistoric type settlement enclosure or perhaps a ceremonial establishment of some kind. Some of the slighter ditches could be hedge trenches, possibly part of a formal garden arrangement.
Aerial coverage: CUAP CH050-1
RCAHMW AP945066/52-4; 965075/62; 965106/57
Sources: St Joseph in the Journal of Roman Studies 43 (1953), 95
Robinson (ed.) 'Biglis, Caldicot & Llandough', BAR British series 188 (1988), xiv-xv
Parkhouse & Lawler in Archaeology in Wales 30 (1990), 37-9
John Wiles, RCAHMW, 7 November 2007.