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OLIVIA

Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 271656

Map Reference SN08SW

Grid Reference SN0149784805

Unitary (Local) Authority Maritime

Old County Maritime

Community Maritime

Type of Site WRECK

Broad Class MARITIME

Period Post Medieval

Site Description Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
The OLIVIA was a small steel-hulled steamship or coaster built by Mordey, Carney & Co Ltd, Newport, in 1883. Technical and configuration specifications are given as 242gt, 111nt; 121ft long x 22ft breadth x 9ft depth; machinery aft; 1 deck, 3 bulkheads, quarterdeck 36ft; screw propulsion powered by a single steam boiler linked to a compound engine producing 60hp made by Sheryn & Laurie, Newport; official number 86742. The steamship was owned at time of loss by Bain, Sons & Co, and registered at Penzance. It was carrying a cargo of coal from Garston to Portreath, Cornwall, under the command of master W Q G Martin, when it was captured by a German submarine on 11 February 1917. The crew were forced to abandon ship and the OLIVIA was scuttled by explosive charges 21 miles SSW of Bardsey Island. The u-boat was UC-65 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Steinbrinck. The OLIVIA was one of 10 vessels sunk or damaged around the Welsh coast by UC-65 between 10-15 February 1917.

Sources include:
Gater, D, 1992, Historic Shipwrecks of Wales, pg130
Goddard, T, 1983, Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, pg103
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Mercantile Navy List, 1890, page 183
Mercantile Navy List, 1900, page 261
Mercantile Navy List, 1910, page 376
Mercantile Navy List, 1915, page 435
Newcastle Journal, Tuesday 13 February 1917, pg8

WWW resources include:
https://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/4549.html
https://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?13668

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, April 2019.