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HENDRE'R-YWYDD UCHAF, LLANGYNHAFAL

Site Details


NPRN 27306

Map Reference SJ16SW

Grid Reference SJ1223063540

Unitary (Local) Authority Denbighshire

Old County Denbighshire

Community Llangynhafal

Type of Site FARMHOUSE

Broad Class Domestic

Period Medieval

Site Description Hendre'r-ywydd Uchaf is a single-storey timber-framed medieval house with four cruck trusses, dating from around 1470-1500. The tie-beams of each cruck truss extend outwards beyond the blades and hold the wall plate which is notched into it. A close wattle of thin oak rods is woven around flat, hewn-oak stakes forming a strong foundation for the wheat straw thatch. The walls are timber-framed and have wattle-and-daub panels between the framework. The floors are of beaten earth, with stone slabs in the doorways. The house has living quarters to one end, and a cowhouse to the other. The cowhouse is divided into two by a cruck truss, with each section having its own entrance. The house itself consists of a hall, bed-chamber and service room. The hall contains the fireplace, the smoke from which must have escaped through the two opposite unglazed windows. The house was dismantled and re-erected at the Welsh Folk Museum, St. Fagans. During the dismantling, rough-cast plaster and rough weather-boarding was removed, together with the corrugated iron roof.
Source: DE/DOM/SJ16SW, from an article by the Welsh Folk Museum
J. Archer, RCAHMW, 29.09.2004

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