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VOLTAIRE

Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 273183

Map Reference SM87NE

Grid Reference SM8677877045

Unitary (Local) Authority Maritime

Old County Maritime

Community Maritime

Type of Site WRECK

Broad Class MARITIME

Period Post Medieval

Site Description Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
The VOLTAIRE was a steel-hulled steamship built by Grangemouth Dockyard Company, Alloa, in 1890. Technical and configuration specifications are given as 409gt, 163nt; 150ft long x 24ft breadth x 10ft 6in depth; 1 deck, weather deck, 3 bulkheads, quarterdeck 84ft, boat deck 9ft, forecastle 22ft; machinery aft, screw propulsion powered by a single boiler linked to a triple expansion engine producing 60hp; machinery made by Ross & Duncan, Glasgow; official number 97807. At time of loss the ship was owned by the Volana Shipping Co (Bright Rogers) and was registered at Liverpool. The VOLTAIRE was on passage from Llanelli to Liverpool with a general cargo when it was captured by a German submarine on 11 February 1917. The master, W Elton, and crew were forced to abandon ship, after which the vessel was sunk by explosive scuttling charges 25 miles north-northeast of the Bishops and Clerks. The VOLTAIRE's crew were picked up by a Glasgow ship and later landed at Fishguard. The u-boat responsible was the UC-65 under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Steinbrinck. The ship was one of 10 vessels sunk or damaged by UC-65 around the coast of Wales between 10-15 February 1917.

Sources include:
Goddard, T, 1983, Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, pg103
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping 1 July 1915 - 30 June 1916, number 606 in V
Mercantile Navy List, 1900, page 368
Mercantile Navy List, 1910, page 535
Mercantile Navy List, 1915, page 619

WWW resources include:
https://uboat.net/wwi/ships_hit/6849.html
https://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?13527

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, April 2019.