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THE QUEEN

Site Details

© Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey licence number 0100022206

NPRN 274832

Map Reference SM77NW

Grid Reference SM7375877637

Unitary (Local) Authority Maritime

Old County Maritime

Community Maritime

Type of Site WRECK

Broad Class MARITIME

Period Modern

Site Description Archaeological remains associated with the loss of this vessel are not confirmed as present at this location, but may possibly be in the vicinity.

Event and Historical Information:
THE QUEEN was a steel-hulled steamship built by the Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, Troon, in 1897 (yard number 65). Technical and configuration specifications are given as 557gt, 218nt; 175ft long x 27ft breadth x 10ft 2in depth; machinery aft; 1 deck (weather deck), 3 bulkheads, quarterdeck 99ft, boat deck 9ft, forecastle 34ft; screw propulsion powered by a single boiler linked to a compound engine producing 80hp made by Muir & Houston Ltd, Glasgow; official number 108682. THE QUEEN was owned at time of loss by J Hay & Sons, Glasgow, and was transporting coal from Ayr to Devonport under the command of master D Macalister. The collier was stopped by the German submarine U38 commanded by Kapitänleutnant Max Valentiner. The crew were forced to abandon ship without loss of life, after which the ship was sunk by gunfire 40miles north northeast of the Smalls. THE QUEEN was one of 10 vessels sunk by U38 on the same day - 17 August 1915. The U-boat had begun its patrol in April in the North Sea, passing north around Scotland to cruise between southern Ireland and Ushant, France. This patrol accounted for 5 trawlers, 3 sailing vessels and 22 merchant ships. Max Valentiner and U38 would go on to be amongst the most five most successful commanders and German submarines of the Great War.

Sources include:
Goddard, T, 1993, Pembrokeshire Shipwrecks, pg102
Koerver, H J, (ed), 2012, German Submarine Warfare 1914-18 in the eyes of British Intelligence, pg175
Mercantile Navy List 1900, pg288
Mercantile Navy List 1910, pg414
Mercantile Navy List 1915, pg480
Larn and Larn Shipwreck Database 2002
Lloyds Register of British and Foreign Shipping, 1 July 1915 - 30 June 1916, number 538 in T
UK Hydrographic Office Wrecks and Obstructions Database. © Crown Copyright and database rights. Reproduced by permission of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office and the UK Hydrographic Office (www.ukho.gov.uk)

WWW resources include:
https://www.peoplescollection.wales/items/468344

Maritime Officer, RCAHMW, February 2019.