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PEMBROKE TOWN WALLS

Site Details



NPRN 300446

Map Reference SM90SE

Grid Reference SM9859501400

Unitary (Local) Authority Pembrokeshire

Old County Pembrokeshire

Community Pembroke

Type of Site TOWN WALL

Broad Class DEFENCE

Period Medieval

Site Description NAR SM90SE22

The medieval borough of Pembroke (see NPRN 33205) was laid out along a narrow peninsular between two inlets of Milford Haven with the castle crowning the cliffs at the seaward end (NPRN 94945).
The walls are thought to have been constructed in the later thirteenth-earlier fourteenth century at a time when the castle reached its present imposing strength. The area enclosed is roughly 850m long and at most 240m wide. The strongest works were those crossing the peninsular to the east, where there was a gate and where the remarkable detached Barnard's or Bernard's tower remains Other gates gave acess to causways across the inlets at the west end below the castle and a fragment of the West Gate still survives. There are remains of four other towers, two of which, overlooking the infilled southern inlet, have eighteenth-nineteenth century gazebos built upon them (see NPRN 266508).

Includes
Ramp (Nprn32950).

Sources: Cathcart King & Cheshire in Archaeologia Cambrensis 131 for 1982 (1983), 77-84
Ludlow in Fortress 8 (1991), 25-30

J.Wiles 11.03.04

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