Accessibility

Font Size

100% 150% 200%

Background Colour

Default Contrast
Close Reset

BLAEN CWM BACH CAMP

Site Details


NPRN 301344

Map Reference SS79NE

Grid Reference SS79709878

Unitary (Local) Authority Neath, Port Talbot

Old County Glamorgan

Community Tonna

Type of Site MARCHING CAMP

Broad Class Defence

Period Roman

Site Description The Roman marching camp at Blaen Cwm Bach is defined by intermitant stretches of bank and ditch describing an elongated, round-angled rectangle, about 880m ENE-WSW by 300m, with a centrally placed entrance with titulum on the western side.

Small scale excavations were carried out in 1969-74; in 1969 -70 an area of the northern sector of the western rampart was examined, and a 'cooking trench', 2.3m by 0.5-0.8m, set at right-angles to the rampart, and a possible oven were recorded. An area immediately to the north, examined in 1972, showed traces of possible hearths, as did an area within the camp's south-western angle, explored in 1974. The rampart appears to have had an inner revetment of stone & clay, whilst the ditch on the western side had been cut to the bedrock, with a tool-cut channel along its base.

The relationship of the camp with the defended enclosure found within its western angle (Nprn307217), is uncertain (see also Carn Caca camp (Nprn304777).

Sources: Choules and Townsend 1970 (AW 10), 17 [26];
Choules and Choules 1972 (AW 12), 25 [34];
1974 (AW 14), 24-5 [44];
RCAHMW 1976 Glamorgan Inventory I.2, 99 no.738.
RCAHMW AP94-CS 0758
RCAHMW AP945101/51-5

J.Wiles 29.11.02

Digital Images

Archive Records

Associated Sites