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Site Details

NPRN 304181

Map Reference SN21SE

Grid Reference SN25371213

Unitary (Local) Authority Carmarthenshire

Old County Carmarthenshire

Community Llanddowror

Type of Site VILLA

Broad Class Unassigned

Period Roman

Site Description Cwmbrwyn Roman villa is a subrectangular banked and ditched enclosure, about 40m north-south by 30m, set at the crest of east-facing slopes.

An excavation in 1905-6 (Ward 1907), revealed a stone-built, or founded north-south range, incorporating a bathing suite, occupying the western side of the enclosure, producing 2nd and early 4th AD century finds.

The enclosure, which features a distinctive 'romanised' gateway, is best seen as being contemporary with the villa range, its circuit being cut back only for an addition to this range: the villa itself would appear to have comprised a suite of reception rooms in addition to the bathsuite and rather than classifying it as a 'romanised farmstead', it is worth considering the specific modes of performance implied in its form and in the facilities it offers.

Without the enclosure, on the east and south-east, traces of a land-division system have been claimed (Jones 1971, 7 plate IIa; Nprn309643); a Roman cremation deposit is known from the farmyard at Cwmbrwyn, some 200m to the east (Jones 1961, 126).

Sources: Ward 1907 (AC 7), 175-212;
Jones 1961 (Carm. Ant. 3), 125-37;
Jones 1971 (Carm. Ant. 7), 3-40.

J.Wiles 10.12.03

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