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PARCIAU HILLFORT - POSSIBLE SITE OF ROMAN BUILDING

Site Details



NPRN 95548

Map Reference SH48SE

Grid Reference SH4945384676

Unitary (Local) Authority Isle of Anglesey

Old County Anglesey

Community Llaneugrad

Type of Site HILLFORT

Broad Class DEFENCE

Period Roman, Prehistoric

Site Description NAR SH48SE1

A later Prehistoric type walled fort occupies an inland promontory at the north-eastern end of a limestone ridge.
This is a roughly oval enclosure, some 130m east-west by 80m. Its perimeter rests on natural cliffs and crags to the north and west and is defined elsewhere by a bank covering the ruins of a well laid wall of large stone blocks. The entrance is in the south-western side where there is at least one outer rampart or wall.
Numerous hollows in the interior signal the presence of stone-founded roundhouses, generally about 8.2m across, particularly on the south-east side.
Delvings into these hollows have recovered a range of Roman material, including box tile fragments (Baynes 1930, 409). This strongly suggests the presence nearby of a Roman building, including baths or a heated suite. 'Well constructed walls' encountered in sloping ground behind Parciau farmhouse, south of the fort's entrance (Prichard 1867, 113), could represent such a building, although a more recent date is perhaps more likely.
The enclosed settlement at Din Lligwy, 1.5km to the north (NPRN 95541), has also produced a range of Roman tiles, including box tile fragments.

Sources: Pritchard in Archaeologia Cambrensis 3rd series 8 (1867), 108-115
Baynes in Archaeologia Cambrensis 85 (1930), 409-10
RCAHM Anglesey Inventory (1937), 63
Lynch 'Prehistoric Anglesey' (1970), 237-240

John Wiles 10.05.07

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